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Tawassul

Yaa sayyid as-Saadaat wa Nuur al-Mawjuudaat, yaa man huwaal-malja’u liman massahu dhaymun wa ghammun wa alam.Yaa Aqrab al-wasaa’ili ila-Allahi ta’aalaa wa yaa Aqwal mustanad, attawasalu ilaa janaabika-l-a‘zham bi-hadzihi-s-saadaati, wa ahlillaah, wa Ahli Baytika-l-Kiraam, li daf’i dhurrin laa yudfa’u illaa bi wasithatik, wa raf’i dhaymin laa yurfa’u illaa bi-dalaalatik, bi Sayyidii wa Mawlay, yaa Sayyidi, yaa Rasuulallaah:

(1) Nabi Muhammad ibn Abd Allah Salla Allahu ’alayhi wa alihi wa sallam
(2) Abu Bakr as-Siddiq radiya-l-Lahu ’anh
(3) Salman al-Farsi radiya-l-Lahu ’anh
(4) Qassim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(5) Ja’far as-Sadiq alayhi-s-salam
(6) Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami radiya-l-Lahu ’anh
(7) Abul Hassan ’Ali al-Kharqani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(8) Abu ’Ali al-Farmadi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(9) Abu Ya’qub Yusuf al-Hamadani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(10) Abul Abbas al-Khidr alayhi-s-salam
(11) Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(12) ’Arif ar-Riwakri qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(13) Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(14) ’Ali ar-Ramitani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(15) Muhammad Baba as-Samasi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(16) as-Sayyid Amir Kulal qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(17) Muhammad Bahaa’uddin Shah Naqshband qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(18) ‘Ala’uddin al-Bukhari al-Attar qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(19) Ya’quub al-Charkhi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(20) Ubaydullah al-Ahrar qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(21) Muhammad az-Zahid qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(22) Darwish Muhammad qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(23) Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(24) Muhammad al-Baqi bi-l-Lah qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(25) Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(26) Muhammad al-Ma’sum qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(27) Muhammad Sayfuddin al-Faruqi al-Mujaddidi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(28) as-Sayyid Nur Muhammad al-Badawani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(29) Shamsuddin Habib Allah qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(30) ‘Abdullah ad-Dahlawi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(31) Syekh Khalid al-Baghdadi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(32) Syekh Ismaa’il Muhammad ash-Shirwani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(33) Khas Muhammad Shirwani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(34) Syekh Muhammad Effendi al-Yaraghi qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(35) Sayyid Jamaaluddiin al-Ghumuuqi al-Husayni qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(36) Abuu Ahmad as-Sughuuri qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(37) Abuu Muhammad al-Madanii qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(38) Sayyidina Syekh Syarafuddin ad-Daghestani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(39) Sayyidina wa Mawlaana Sultan al-Awliya Sayyidi Syekh ‘Abd Allaah al-Fa’iz ad-Daghestani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
(40) Sayyidina wa Mawlaana Sultan al-Awliya Sayyidi Syekh Muhammad Nazhim al-Haqqaani qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah

Syahaamatu Fardaani
Yuusuf ash-Shiddiiq
‘Abdur Ra’uuf al-Yamaani
Imaamul ‘Arifin Amaanul Haqq
Lisaanul Mutakallimiin ‘Aunullaah as-Sakhaawii
Aarif at-Tayyaar al-Ma’ruuf bi-Mulhaan
Burhaanul Kuramaa’ Ghawtsul Anaam
Yaa Shaahibaz Zaman Sayyidanaa Mahdi Alaihis Salaam 
wa yaa Shahibal `Unshur Sayyidanaa Khidr Alaihis Salaam

Yaa Budalla
Yaa Nujaba
Yaa Nuqaba
Yaa Awtad
Yaa Akhyar
Yaa A’Immatal Arba’a
Yaa Malaaikatu fi samaawaati wal ardh
Yaa Awliya Allaah
Yaa Saadaat an-Naqsybandi

Rijaalallaah a’inunna bi’aunillaah waquunuu ‘awnallana bi-Llah, ahsa nahdha bi-fadhlillah .
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Kamis, 07 Mei 2009

Istighatha/Isti`ana/Asking Madad to Shaykh (Permissible)

Source : http://www.sunnah.org

Asking “Ya Shaykh Madad!” – Istighatha/Isti`ana
by Dr. G.F. Haddad

Al-Madad = "Help!"

This Madad was asked by Musa (AS) from his countryman with the word istaghaatha “he asked for help” (28:15) and by Dhul-Qarnayan using the term "help me" in Surat al-Kahf (a`eenuni) (18:95) which is the same root as "we turn for help" (nasta`een) in the Fatiha.

Following are proofs from the Sunna for calling out to an invisible helper in a situation of need:

1. Al-Bukhari narrates in his Sahih that our mother Hajar, when she was running in search of water between Safa and Marwa, heard a voice and called out: "O you whose voice you have made me hear! If there is a ghawth (help/helper) with you (then help me)!" and an angel appeared at the spot of the spring of Zamzam.

2. Abu Ya`la, Ibn al-Sunni, and al-Tabarani in al-Mu`jam al-Kabir narrated that the Prophet (saws) said: "If one of you loses something or seeks help or a helper (ghawth), and he is in a land where there is no one to befriend, let him say: "O servants of Allah, help me! (ya `ibad Allah, aghithuni), for verily Allah has servants whom one does not see." Al-Haythami said in Majma` al-Zawa'id (10:132): "The men in its chain of transmission have been declared reliable despite weakness in one of them."

Another wording:

3. Al-Bayhaqi narrates on the authority of Ibn `Abbas in "Kitab al-Aadaab" (p. 436) and with a second chain mawquf from Ibn `Abbas in "Shu`ab al-Iman" (1:445-446=1:183 #167; 6:128 #7697) and a third from Ibn Mas`ud in "Hayat al-Anbiya' ba`da Wafatihim" p. 44: "Allah has angels on the earth - other than the [two] record-keepers - who keep a record [even] of the leaves that fall on the ground. Therefore, if one of you is crippled in a deserted land where no-one is in sight, let him cry out: a'înû 'ibâd Allâh rahimakum Allâh, 'Help, O servants of Allah, may Allah have mercy on you!' Verily he shall be helped, if God wills." Ibn Hajar said its chain is fair (isnaduhu hasan) in "al-amali".

Narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Kabir with a fair chain (according to Ibn Hajar in al-Amali) of sound narrators according to al-Haythami (10:132), al-Bazzar (#3128) - as cited by al-Shawkani in Tuhfa al-Dhakirin (p. 219=p. 155-156) -, and Ibn Abi Shayba (7:103).

4. Ibn Abi Shayba relates in his "Musannaf" (7:103) from Aban ibn Salih that the Prophet (saws) said: "If one of you loses his animal or his camel in a deserted land where there is no-one in sight, let him say: "O servants of Allah, help me! (yâ 'ibâd Allâh a'înûnî), for verily he will be helped."

Al-Zahawi said in al-Fajr al-Sadiq, a book he wrote in refutation of Wahhabism:

<>

Al-Shawkani also allows the calling on someone invisible: "In the hadith (of a`inu) there is evidence that it is permissible to ask help from those one does not see among the servants of God, whether angels or good jinn, and there is nothing wrong in doing it, just as it is permissible for someone to seek the help of human beings if his mount becomes unmanageable or runs loose." Tuhfat al-Dhakirin p. 155-156.

5. Ahmad relates in his Musnad (4:217) that at the time of the greatest fitna of the Dajjal, when the Muslims will be at their weakest point, and just before `Isa ibn Maryam descends at the time of salat al-fajr, people will hear a caller calling out three times: "O people, al-ghawth (the helper) has come to you!"

6. Ibn Kathir in his history, al-Bidaya wal- Nihaya [7:91, Year 18] narrates that `Umar (ra) sought help and relief from drought and famine in Madina by writing to `Amr ibn al-As and Abu Musa al-Ash`ari in Egypt and Basra respectively, each with the words, "Yaa ghawthaah li Ummati Muhammad! = Help! Help! for the Community of Muhammad!" If this is not istighaatha and isti`aana then there is no istighaatha and isti`aana.

Al-Zahawi said in al-Fajr al-Sadiq:

Al-Subki, al-Qastallani in al-Mawahib al-laduniyya, al- Samhudi in Tarikh al-Madina, and al-Haythami in al-Jawhar al- munazzam said that seeking help with the Prophet and other prophets and pious persons, is only a means of imploring Allah for the sake of their dignity and honor (bi jahihim). The one doing the asking seeks from the One asked that He assign him aid (ghawth) on behalf of the one higher than him. For the one being asked in reality is Allah. The Prophet is but the intermediary means (wasita) between the one asking for help and the One asked in reality. Hence, the help is strictly from Him in its creation (khalqan) and being (ijadan), while the help from the Prophet is strictly in respect to secondary causation (tasabbuban) and acquisition from Allah (kasban).....

As for the invocations of common Muslim people in Arabic like: "O `Abd al-Qadir Gilani look at me (Ya `Abd al-Qadir adrikni)!" and "O Ahmad al-Badawi give us support (Ya Badawi madad)!" they belong to the figurative language of the mind just as the application of someone who would say to his food: "Satisfy me!" or to his water: "Quench my thirst!" or to his medicine: "Heal me!" The food does not satisfy, nor does the water quench the thirst, nor the medicine heal. But the One who is the real Satisfier of our hunger, the Quencher of our thirst and the Healer of our ills is Allah alone. The food, the water, the medicine are only the proximate or secondary causes which custom has established on the surface of things by our mind's regular association of them with certain concomitant events.>>

Shaykh Khayr al-Din Ramli in his Fatawa Khayriyya (p. 180-181) was asked about "those who say: O Shaykh `Abd al-Qadir! O Shaykh Ahmad! O Rifa`i! [Give us] something for the sake of Allah (shay'un lillah) O `Abd al-Qadir! and such, at which time they become greatly entranced and experience states that make them jump up and down etc. He answered - Allah have mercy on him: 'Know first of all that among the famous rules that are firmly put to use in the books of the Imams is the rule that matters are judged according to their ends... as taken from the hadith of the Two Shaykhs al-Bukhari and Muslim: Actions are only according to intentions.... and none denies the reality of the Sufis except every ignorant, foolish soul.'"

And Allah knows best.

See also the relevant pages at http://www.sunnah.org/publication/encyclopedia/html/tawassul.htm
An Incident of Istighatha During the Lifetime of the Prophet (s)

It is related that:

One night, the Prophet of Allah - may Allah bless him and grant him peace - was in his house and was heard to proclaim 'I am here!' (labayk!) three times and 'You have been granted help' also three times (nusirta!). Umm al- Mu'minin, Maymunah - may Allah be well pleased with her - asked the Prophet - may Allah bless him and grant him peace - whom he had been talking to since there was no one present. He - may Allah bless him and grant him peace - replied, 'I was talking to a person called Rajiz from the tribe of Bani Ka'ab. He asked for help from me against the Quraysh.' Umm al- Mu'minin, Maymunah - may Allah be well pleased with her - said that when she finished Fajr prayer the next morning, she heard Rajiz calling out in the streets of Madina: "Ya Rasul Allah! Help us and call the servants of Allah to help us."[1]

Additional Relevant Narrations
By Raffiq Ahmed

1. Al-Bukhari's narration of the Prophet - Allah bless and greet him - from `Abdullâh Ibn `Umar - Allah be well-pleased with him -:

"Truly the sun shall draw so near on the Day of Resurrection that sweat shall reach to the mid-ear, whereupon (ISTIGHÂTHÛ bi âdam thumma bi mûsâ thumma bi muHammadin Sallallâhu `alayhi wa sallama) they shall ASK HELP from Adam - upon him peace -, then from Musa - upon him peace - , then from Muhammad - Allah bless and greet him - who will intercede (fa yashfa`u)... and that day Allah shall raise him to an Exalted Station, so that all those who are standing [including the unbelievers] shall glorify him (yahmaduhu ahlul-jam`i kulluhum)." [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (Qadîm Kutub Khâna, Karachi, 1381H), 1:199 (Cf. Prof. Tahir-ul-Qadri, `Aqida-e-tawassul, p. )]

Obviously, they are not going to be forgetting Allah on that day. The people seeking help by these Prophets is the same as using them as a means (wasîla) to Allah and the Hadith continues that the intercession of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallâhu `alayhi wa sallam will be accepted. Will those who are against that in this life, be in favour of it in the next? It is for this reason, that Ala Hazrat (ra) states: "âj madad mâng un se, âj panâ le un se, qal na mânenge qayâmat" "Take his madad today, take his pana, it might not be accepted in qayamat."

2. The following quote is from Shaikh `Ali Mahfuz who died in 1361 (1942 A.D.) and was one of the great `ulama' of Jami' al-Azhar (Egypt), who praises Ibn Taymiyya and Muhammad `Abduh very much in his book Al-ibda'. Nevertheless, he says in there: "It is not right to say that the great awliya' (rahimahum-Allahu ta'ala) dispose worldly affairs after death, such as curing the ill, rescuing those who are about to be drowned, helping those who are against the enemy and having lost things found. It is wrong to say that, because the awliya are very great, Allahu ta'ala has left these tasks to them or they do what they wish or that one who clings to them will not go wrong. But whether they are alive or dead, Allahu ta'ala blesses, among His awliya', the ones whom He wills, and, through their karamat, He cures the ill, rescues those who are about to be drowned, helps those who are fighting an enemy and recovers lost things. This is logical. Also Qur'an al-karim reveals these facts." [Shaikh 'Ali Mahfuz, Al-ibda', p. 213, Cairo, 1375 (1956 A.D.); `Abdullah ad-Dasuqi and Yusuf ad-Dajwi, professors at Jami` al- Azhar, wrote eulogies praising the book at the end of Al-ibda'. (Cf. The Sunni Path)]

3. Lastly, the Hadith ash-Sharif written in Sahihayn, the two genuine Hadith books, one by al-Bukhari and the other by Muslim states that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) visited the graves of the martyrs of Uhud exactly ONE YEAR after they died. A minbar was BUILT in the graveyard for him to deliver a sermon. 'Uqba ibn Amir (radi-Allahu `anh), the relater of the Hadith ash-Sharif, said, 'Rasulullah (sall-Allahu Ta`ala `alaihi wa sallam), ascended the minbar. It was the last time I saw him on the minbar. He declared: "I do not fear whether you will become polytheists after I die. I fear that you, because of worldly interests, will kill one another and thus be destroyed like ancient tribes." '

The profound scholar Shaykh Sulayman ibn `Abd al-Wahhâb an-Najdî (rahimah-Allahu ta'ala), the author of "as-sawâ'iq al-ilâhiyya" comments on this Hadîth as follows in refutation of his younger brother and the rebellious movement started by him in partnership with the British and al-Sa`ûd family: "Rasulullah (sall-Allahu ta'ala 'alaihi wa sallam) foretold all that would happen to his Ummah till the Resurrection. This sahih hadith states that his Ummah will never worship idols, that he was assured of it. This hadith ash-Sharif demolishes Wahhabism by the roots, for the Wahhabite book claims that the Ummat al- Muhammadiyya worship idols, that Muslim countries are full of idols, that tombs are idol-houses. It says that one also becomes a disbeliever by not believing that he who expects help or intercession at shrines is a disbeliever. However, Muslims have visited graves and asked the mediation and intercession of awliya' for centuries. No Islamic scholars have called such Muslims polytheists; they regarded them as Muslims." [Sulaiman ibn `Abd al-Wahhab an-Najdi, As-sawa'iq al-ilahiyya fir- raddi `alal-Wahhabiyya (Nukhbat al-Akbar press, Baghdad, 1306 A.H), p. 44 (Cf. Advice for the Muslim, Cp. 5)]

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